Trademark : CAFC Alert

“CHURRASCOS” determined generic for restaurant services – earlier registration have no bearing on the USPTO’s genericness analysis

Kumiko Ide | May 19, 2016

In re: Cordua Restaurants, Inc.

May 13, 2016

Before Prost, Dyk, Stoll.  Opinion by Dyk.


Appellant Cordua Restaurants, Inc. (Cordua) applied to register a stylized word “CHURRASCOS” for “Bar and restaurant services; Catering.”  Although Cordua had prior registration for the standard character mark “CHURRASCOS” for the same services, that the mark was registered in the Principal Register had no bearing on the USPTO’s determination of whether the stylized form of “CHURRASCOS” was generic.  In addition, even if the public does not understand the term to refer to the broad genus of restaurant services as a whole, the term is still generic, as the relevant public understands the term to refer to a type of restaurant within the broad genus of restaurant services.  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) affirmed the decision of the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB), finding the mark to be generic, and ineligible for registration.

Cordua Restaurants, Inc.(以下、「Cordua社」)のCHURRASCOSデザイン文字商標出願は、CHURRASCOSという言葉が、レストランサービスについて使用された場合、一般用語であるため、登録はできないとして拒絶された。Cordua社は、先登録として、標準文字のCHURRASOCOS商標登録を有しており、この先登録が存在するため、デザイン文字出願の方も登録されるべきと主張したものの、CAFCはこれを受け付けなかった。また、CHURRASCOSという言葉が、レストランサービス全体において一般用語として認識されていない場合でも、当該者はその言葉を、レストランサービスという大きな括り中のレストランの一種類であると理解しているため、CHURRASCOSは一般用語である。

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Designer’s Connection with Paris Insufficient to Overcome a Section 2(e)(3) Refusal

Kumiko Ide | October 24, 2012

In re Miracle Tuesday, LLC

October 4, 2012

Panel: Rader, Linn, O’Malley.  Opinion by O’Malley


The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the decision of the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (“the Board”), refusing to register the mark JPK PARIS 75 and design on the grounds that it is primarily geographically deceptively misdescriptive under Section 2(e)(3) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1052(e)(3).  While the CAFC does not endorse a rule that the goods need to be manufactured in the named place to originate there, there must be some other direct connection between the goods and the place identified in the mark.  In this case, the CAFC found there is no evidence of a current connection between the goods and Paris.

商標審判は、商標「JPK PARIS 75」は、「産地について誤信を生じさせる商標(primarily geographically deceptively misdescriptive)」であると認定し、CAFCは、これを支持した。 CAFCは、商品がその産地にて製造される必要があるとは示さなかったものの、商品とその産地には直接的な関係が必要であると示した。本件では、商品とパリに直接的な関係が存在するという証拠はなかった

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Using Trademark in Categories Other than the One as Filed May Result in Abandonment

Tang O. Tang | August 15, 2012


August 3, 2012

Panel:  Newman, Linn and Moore.  Opinion by Linn.

Summary, Inc. (“”) appeals a decision of the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (“Board”) granting a motion for summary judgment by 1-800 Contacts, Inc. (“1-800 Contacts”) and ordering the cancellation of’s registration for the mark LENS due to nonuse.  The mark was filed to be used in connection with computer software, but the business of is in the field of retail sales of contact lenses.  The issue at dispute is whether software incidentally distributed in connection with retail business in the context of an internet service constitutes a “good in commerce.” The court applies a three-prong test established in non-internet-related case law to the current case in finding nonuse of the mark, and distinguishes the current case from an Eleventh Circuit decision.

Lens.com公司就商标裁决上诉委员会批准关于注销 LENS 商标登记的动议提出上诉。 该动议由1-800 Contacts公司提出,称lens.com已停止使用该商标。该商标注册为“计算机软件相关业务”的商标,而Lens.com仅在隐形眼镜零售领域开展业务。该案中的争议问题是互联网零售业务中偶尔附带发送的软件是否构成“商品”。法院利用了建立在非互联网相关案件的判例法上的“三因素测试”认定该商标已停止使用, 并且将本案与第十一巡回法庭判决的一个互联网相关案件加以对比区分。

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BD Stumbles on the Fine Functionality Line between Patents and Trademarks

Michael Caridi | May 2, 2012

In Re Becton, Dickinson and Company

April 12, 2012

Panel:  Bryson, Clevenger, and Linn. Opinion by Clevenger.  Dissent by Linn.


BD appealed a decision of the USPTO’s Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) that a requested trademark registration for a design of a closure cap for blood collection tubes could not be trademarked because the design is functional.  The CAFC affirmed the TTAB ruling relying heavily on prior BD utility patents and advertisements as evidencing functionality.   Attempting to convert functional aspects into a trademark due to acquired secondary meaning will not hold. A company looking to protect a product across multiple forms of intellectual property needs to clearly identify, from the advent of seeking protection, which aspects are considered functional and which are for design purposes.  The designation of function and design should be maintained in all ways the product is protected and promoted.

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