standard of review : CAFC Alert

Presenting Extrinsic Evidence At District Court Does Not Guarantee Review For Clear Error On Appeal

Ryan Chirnomas | June 11, 2015

Shire Development et al. v. Watson Pharmaceutical et al.  

June 3, 2015

Before: Prost, Chen and Hughes.  Opinion by Hughes.

Summary:

In 2014, the CAFC reversed and remanded a district court finding of infringement, due to incorrect claim construction.  Shire appealed to the Supreme Court, which vacated and remanded in view of Teva v. Sandoz.  The CAFC again reached the same conclusion, and found that de novo review is appropriate in this case, since extrinsic factual findings did not “underlie” the district court’s claim construction.  Because the district court claim construction was based only on intrinsic evidence, de novo review was appropriate.


Read More/続きを読む

Claim term “at least one component of [a unit]” excludes the entire unit – expert testimony cannot override intrinsic evidence

Nicolas Seckel | April 17, 2015

Enzo Biochem Inc. v. Applera Corp. (Precedential)

March 16, 2015

Before: Prost, Newman and Linn. Opinion by Prost, Dissent by Newman.

Summary

In this case, grammatical construction and invention “purpose” beat expert testimony and claim differentiation, leading to reversal of the District Court’s claim interpretation.

One might have thought that the Federal Circuit would make a point of carefully applying the different standards of review when a District Court’s claim construction relied in part on extrinsic evidence (“clear error” for findings based on extrinsic evidence, instead of “de novo” review for intrinsic evidence, see Teva Pharm. USA, Inc. v. Sandoz, Inc. (Jan. 20, 2015)).

This decision suggests a different trend, toward minimizing the importance of extrinsic evidence in claim interpretation, which allows the Federal Circuit to maintain its customary high level of scrutiny.


Read More/続きを読む

A Refined Standard for Appellate Review of Patent Claim Construction: “de novo” on Ultimate Claim Construction with “Clear Error” on Subsidiary Factfindings

John M. Wang | March 10, 2015

Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., Et Al. v. Sandoz, Inc., et al.

January 20, 2015

Justice Breyer delivered the majority opinion; Justices Thomas and Alito dissented.

Summary

The Supreme Court of the United States held that when reviewing a District Court’s resolution of subsidiary factual matters made in the course of its construction of a patent claim, the Federal Circuit must apply a “clear error,” not a “de novo”, standard of review.

总结
美国最高法院裁定:在审查地方法院的裁定专利权利要求解释时使用的附属事实,美国联邦巡回法院必须使用“明确错误”,而不是“从头”,审查标准。


Read More/続きを読む

If at first you don’t succeed ….

Darrin Auito | May 18, 2012

In Re Baxter International, Inc.

(Reexamination No. 90/007,751)

May 17, 2012

Panel: Newman, Lourie, Moore.  Opinion by Lourie.  Dissent by Newman

Summary

The CAFC’s decision in In re Baxter Int’l, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2012) highlights the distinction between a reexamination and a district court proceeding.  Specifically, the CAFC affirmed the Board of Patent Appeal and Interferences (“Board”) determination in a reexamination proceeding that claims 26-31 of U.S. Patent No. 5,247,434 (“the ‘434 patent”) are invalid – despite having previously held in a parallel litigation proceeding that the same claims were not invalid – because the courts and the USPTO use different standards to address validity.  However, the CAFC cautioned that had the claims been found to be invalid in the litigation proceeding after all appeals had been exhausted, then the PTO “ideally should not arrive at a different conclusion” during a parallel reexamination proceeding when presented with the same arguments.


Read More/続きを読む

Supreme Court Sides with Inventors in Kappos v. Hyatt

Darrin Auito | May 16, 2012

David J. Kappos v. Gilbert P. Hyatt

April 18, 2012

Affirmed 9-0 (CAFC en banc 7-2 decision).  Opinion by Justice Thomas.  Concurring opinion by Justice Sotomayor joined by Justice Breyer.

Summary:

The Hyatt decision is a victory for patent applicants.  Any patent applicant dissatisfied with a decision of the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences (or Patent Trial and Appeal Board after enactment of the AIA) may file a civil action against the Director of the PTO in federal district court and introduce new evidence beyond what was submitted to the PTO.  The new evidence is subject to de novo review.


Read More/続きを読む

Subscribe | 登録

Archives

Categories

词典 / 辞書 / 사전
  • dictionary
  • dictionary
  • 英語から日本語

Double click on any word on the page or type a word:

Powered by dictionarist.com