35 U.S.C. § 101 : CAFC Alert

CAFC finds broadly claimed computer memory system eligible under first step of Alice.

Thomas Brown | September 21, 2017

Visual Memory LLC v Nvidia Corporation

August 15, 2017

Before O’Malley, Hughes and Stoll. Precedential Opinion by Stoll, joined by O’Malley; Dissent by Hughes.

Summary:

Visual Memory sued Nvidia for infringement of USP 5,953,740 (the ‘740 patent).  The district court granted Nvidia’s motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim (rule 12(b)(6)) based on patent ineligible subject matter. The CAFC reversed and remanded finding that the computer memory systems claims of the ‘740 satisfied the first step of Alice.


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Claims reciting generic, computer implementation of abstract idea found lacking “inventive concept”

Kumiko Ide | March 13, 2017

Intellectual Ventures I LLC, et al. v. Erie Indemnity Co., et al.

March 7, 2017

Before Prost, Wallach, Chen.  Opinion by Prost.

Summary: 

The CAFC affirmed the district court’s determination that claims of both U.S. Patent No. 6,510,434 (“’434 patent”) and U.S. Patent No. 5,546,002 (“’002 patent”) are patent ineligible under 35 U.S.C. § 101.  Applying the two-part analysis from Alice, the District Court found and the CAFC affirmed the claims of both patents as being abstract ideas lacking in “inventive concept,” concluding that the claims are patent ineligible.  In addition, regarding U.S. Patent No. 6,519,518 (“’518 patent”), the CAFC affirmed that Appellants did not own rights to the patent, and therefore Appellants lacked standing to assert infringement.

連邦巡回裁判所(CAFC)は、特許法第101条に基づき、地裁の米国特許第6,510,434号及び5,546,002号には特許適格性がないという判決を支持した。地裁及びCAFCは、最高裁判決Alice事件の二段階分析(two-part analysis)を適用した上で、特許クレームは、抽象的概念(abstract ideas)であり、発明的概念(inventive concept)がないため、特許適格性がないと判断した。また、米国特許第6,519,518号については、上訴人は、当該特許の特許所有者ではないため、当事者適格がないと判示した。


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Software can make non-abstract improvements to computer technology under 35 USC §101

Thomas Brown | June 24, 2016

Enfish, LLC v Microsoft Corp.

May 12, 2016

Precedential Opinion by Hughes, joined by Moore and Taranto.

Summary:

Enfish sued Microsoft for infringement of several patents related to a “self-referential” table for a database. The district court found all claims invalid as ineligible under § 101 on summary judgment.  The CAFC reversed the summary judgment based on § 101 by finding that claims drawn to a “self-referential” table for a data base are not directed to an abstract idea under step one of the Alice analysis.


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Inventive concept standing alone is not patent eligible

Rob Raheja | July 10, 2015

Internet Patents Corp. v. Active Network, Inc.,

June 23, 2015

Before: Newman (Opinion author), Moore and Reyna.

Summary
Claims to a method which allows the use of a conventional web browser Back and Forward button functions without loss of data were not patent eligible under 35 U.S.C. 101 because the inventive concept recited in the claim was not limited to any mechanism and thus remained abstract.


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The fate of Software inventions related to information processing

Rob Raheja | January 28, 2015

Content Extraction and Transmission LLC v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. et al.

December 23, 2014

Panel: Chen, Dyk and Taranto.  Opinion by Chen.

Summary

The Federal Circuit held that the claims of the asserted patents were invalid as patent-ineligible under 35 U.S.C.S. § 101 because none of asserted claims amounted “to ‘significantly more’ than the abstract idea of extracting and storing data from hard copy documents using generic scanning and processing technology.”


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Ecommerce Patent found to have patent eligible subject matter under Alice.

Thomas Brown | January 27, 2015

DDR Holding, LLC v. Hotels.com, L.P. 

December 5, 2014

Panel:  Wallach, Mayer, and Chen (Circuit Judges). Precedential Opinion by Chen, Dissenting Opinion by Mayer.

Summary

While not all claims purporting to address Internet-centric challenges are eligible for patent, a claimed solution that is necessarily rooted in computer technology in order to overcome a problem specifically arising in the realm of computer networks constitutes patent eligible subject matter.


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